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Support #590

Bare Vanilla Arch Installation

Added by Daniel Curtis over 4 years ago. Updated over 4 years ago.

Status:
Closed
Priority:
Normal
Assignee:
Category:
-
Target version:
Start date:
04/05/2015
Due date:
% Done:

100%

Spent time:

Description

This is a simple guide to setup a base minimal Arch Linux installation.

Prepare the partition

  • Format the hard drive using cfdisk:
    cfdisk /dev/sda
    
  • Create the filesystem:
    mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1
    
  • Mount the partition:
    mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
    mkdir /mnt/etc
    

Install the Base System

  • Generate an fstab:
    genfstab -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
    
  • Now its time to install the base system:
    pacstrap /mnt base base-devel grub openssh sudo
    

Setup the Environment

  • chroot into the newly installed system:
    arch-chroot /mnt
    
    • Write your hostname to /etc/hostname:
      echo 'archlinux' >> /etc/hostname
      
    • Symlink /etc/localtime to /usr/share/zoneinfo/Zone/SubZone:
      ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Los_angeles /etc/localtime
      
    • Uncomment the selected locale:
      vi /etc/locale.gen
      
      • And use the following to enable en_US.UTF-8:
        :%s/#en_US.UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8
        :wq
        
    • Then generate locale with with:
      locale-gen
      
    • Configure /etc/mkinitcpio.conf as needed and create an initial RAM disk with:
      mkinitcpio -p linux
      
    • Set a root password:
      passwd
      
    • Configure the network again for newly installed environment:
      cp /etc/netctl/examples/ethernet-dhcp /etc/netctl/wired
      systemctl enable systemd-networkd.service
      netctl enable wired
      
    • (Optional) Disable systemd-resolved to allow netctl to set DNS:
      systemctl disable systemd-resolved
      
    • Enable SSH
      systemctl enable sshd.service
      

Add an Administrative User

  • Add an unprivileged user, bob in this case:
    useradd -m -g users -s /bin/bash bob
    
    • And set a password for the user:
      passwd bob
      
  • Add the sudo group:
    groupadd sudo
    
  • Edit the sudo file:
    visudo
    
    • And uncomment the sudo group line:
      %sudo    ALL=(ALL) ALL
      
  • Then add the user bob to the sudo group:
    usermod -aG sudo bob
    

Install the bootloader

  • Now install GRUB:
    grub-install --target=i386-pc --recheck --debug /dev/sda
    grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
    
  • Exit and reboot the out of the installation environment:
    exit
    umount /mnt
    reboot
    

History

#1 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 4 years ago

  • Subject changed from Vanilla Arch Installation to Bare Vanilla Arch Installation
  • Description updated (diff)
  • Status changed from New to Resolved
  • % Done changed from 0 to 100

#2 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 4 years ago

  • Description updated (diff)

#3 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 4 years ago

  • Status changed from Resolved to Closed

#4 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 4 years ago

  • Description updated (diff)

#5 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 4 years ago

  • Description updated (diff)

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