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Support #563

Install OPNsense on an APU1D4

Added by Daniel Curtis over 5 years ago. Updated over 5 years ago.

Status:
Closed
Priority:
Normal
Assignee:
Category:
Firewall/Router
Target version:
Start date:
02/15/2015
Due date:
% Done:

100%

Estimated time:
1.50 h
Spent time:

Description

I recently acquired an APU1D4 online and decided to try out OPNsense on it. This is a simple guide for installing OPNsense15.1.5 on an PC Engines APU1D4 using a USB drive, over a serial connection from an Ubuntu-based system.

Prepare the media

This phase is done on the Ubuntu-based workstation.

  • Download the serial amd64 OPNsense image and extract it:
    cd ~/Downloads
    wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/opnsense/15.1.5/OPNsense-15.1.5-memstick-serial-amd64.img.bz2
    tar xjf OPNsense-15.1.5-memstick-serial-amd64.img.bz2
    
  • Write the OPNsense image to a spare USB drive:
    sudo dd if=OPNsense-15.1.5-memstick-serial-amd64.img
    sudo sync
    
  • Install screen
    sudo apt-get install screen
    
  • Now connect a NULL modem serial cable from COM1 on the Ubuntu-based workstation to COM1 on the APU1D4.
  • Unplug the USB drive from the Ubuntu-based workstation and plug it into APU1D4.
  • Open a terminal and run screen on COM1:
    sudo screen /dev/ttyS0 115200
    

Boot The APU1D4

  • Plug the power to the APU1D4
  • Quickly press [F10]
    • Select 1. USB MSC Drive
  • Press 2 Boot to Single-User mode

Securely Erase Drive

The APU1D4 I bought came with an 80GB SSD. Just to be on the safe side I zero the hard drives of all new devices entering into my production environment.

  • Erase SSD:
    dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/ada0
    

    WARNING: Make sure that ada0 is the correct drive. Drive information in dmesg:
    dmesg | grep 'ada'
    
  • Reboot the APU1D4
    reboot
    

Install OPNsense

  • Quickly press [F10]
    • Select 1. USB MSC Drive
  • Then select Accept Settings
  • And select Quick/Easy Install then OK
  • When the installation finishes select Reboot
  • Remove the USB drive

History

#1 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 5 years ago

  • Description updated (diff)
  • Status changed from New to In Progress
  • % Done changed from 0 to 50
  • Estimated time set to 1.50

#2 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 5 years ago

  • Description updated (diff)

#3 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 5 years ago

  • Status changed from In Progress to Resolved
  • % Done changed from 50 to 100

#4 Updated by Daniel Curtis over 5 years ago

  • Subject changed from Installing OPNsense on an APU1D4 to Install OPNsense on an APU1D4
  • Status changed from Resolved to Closed

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